Brain injury in children is the damage to the brain due to some trauma or pressure on the brain inside the skull which results in the destruction of brain cells. The injury to the brain may be caused before or after birth. It is very unpredictable in its effects and early diagnosis of symptoms is very crucial. Children may suffer from various disorders and abnormal health conditions.
The seriousness of injury may differ from person to person, and thus the range of symptoms and disorders are also different. The different parts of the human brain have signified role in our actions, behavior and body movements. Any injury or damage caused to them, imbalances the functioning of mind and body.
Different types of brain injuries
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
The traumatic brain injury is caused by external forces that cause the brain movement inside the skull. The traumatic brain injury may due to:
- Sports injury
- Blow to the head
- Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)
The acquired brain injury occurs due to the excess of pressure on the brain, which results in the damage of neurons. The reason for acquired brain injury may include:
- Intake of drugs
- Neurological disorder
- Premature birth
- Genetic issues
- Injury inside the uterus
Effects of brain injury in children
Brain injury in children may be genetic or caused due to premature birth or difficult delivery. This results in the neurological disorders in the child. The functionality of various body parts gets troubled. They are not able to perform day to day activities. They often face difficulty in social interactions, communication and show unusual behaviors and interests.
The serious effects of brain injury in children lead to:
- Cerebral palsy
- Speech delay
- ADHD(Attention deficit hyperactive disorder)
- Improper body balancing
- Inability to understand
- Inability to express
- Poor vision
- Auditory nerves issues
- Over aggression
- Impatient behavior
- Poor concentration
- Developmental delay
How to treat brain injury?
The timely treatment of brain injuries is very important and if not treated the abnormal conditions and disorders can last for the entire life. The treatment process includes therapies such as behavioral therapy, speech therapy, and rehabilitation programs to improve the child’s condition.
The IIAHP therapy center provides all therapies, advanced intellectual programs, and foreign treatment techniques under one roof. Depending on the severity of brain injuries and disorders, the best treatment is given to children of 2-17 years of age. Parents in distant places are also facilitated with the home plans with regular guidance and check from the staff at IIAHP.